First numbers for new crop point to increased soybean production and mention third corn crop
The Brazilian crop of 2019/2020 grain should reach 245.8 million tons. The assessment is from the National Supply Company (Conab), which released, on Thursday (10/10), the first numbers for the new cycle, which is in the early stages of planting in Brazil. If confirmed, it will be 1.6% higher than the 2018/2019 harvest, which is now estimated at 241.953 million tons. In the report a month ago, the last for last season, this volume was 242.138 million.
“The season 2019/2020 should record the second highest average productivity of the historical series, largely due to the increase in the technological package used by Brazilian agriculture,” analyzes Conab, in the summary bulletin, released on its official website. Unlike reports at this time in previous years, the Company does not adopt upper and lower estimates, using only one number.
“The area competition for soybeans and the possibility of cultivation in the second season of the crop explains the decrease in the area of corn first crop. Regarding the planting of the second crop, the expectation is due to the sowing of soybeans, which, occurring within the expected will result in a favorable planting window, “says Conab.
According to the technicians, there was a growing trend of planting in the region called Sealba (Sergipe, Alagoas and northeastern Bahia), in addition to Amapá and Roraima. In these regions, sowing is concentrated in a period similar to the northern hemisphere, between May and June, being a third crop of the cereal.
In cotton, Conab’s first figures indicate relative stability in production, which should be 0.4% lower in the 2019/2020 crop. In stone, the volume should be 4.070 million tons, also resulting in 2.715 million tons of feather.
Already rice production should grow. It is possible that the harvest is 10.664 million tons, an increase of 1.9% over the 2018/2019 season, considering the rainfed and irrigated crops, which account for most of the volume produced.
“Despite the reduction of the area in recent years, the higher proportion of irrigated areas, which have higher productivity, and the rice farmer’s investment in technologies that provide a higher yield of the area, allowed a production maintenance adjusted to national consumption,” he says. the document.
The same should not happen with beans. Adding up the three annual crop cycles, in the color, cowpea and black varieties, production should fall 1.8%, totaling 2.968 million tons. The first crop should be 978.6 thousand tons, the second crop of 1.253 million tons and the third, 736.5 million tons.
“The area of first crop beans has been decreasing over the last harvests, mainly due to competition with other crops, such as soybeans and corn, and also because the harvesting time often coincides with the rainy season, causing quality problems of the crop. product “, analyzes the Company.
Regarding winter crops, Conab’s first report for the 2019/2020 crop only repeats the estimates from the previous document, which consolidated the past season. The harvest is estimated at 6.570 million tons, of which 5.149 million wheat.
The total area to be planted with grains in Brazil should grow 1.1%, estimates the National Supply Company. The planters must cover 63.933 million hectares. “The increase over last season is equivalent to an increase of 713.3 thousand hectares, influenced by the growth of soybean area,” says Conab.
For the Company’s technicians, soybean production should increase by 4.7% in the new crop. Brazil has the potential to harvest 120.393 million tons of grain, maintaining the upward trend in the area, forecasted at 36.571 million hectares (+ 1.9%).
“The sanitary vacuum for soybeans ended in September, in the main producing states, and sowing began modestly compared to the past season, but within normal ranges when compared to other crops,” analyze the technicians.
In estimates for maize, the first report 2019/2020 divides the annual crop into three crop cycles, unlike previous estimates. Still, all in all, the forecast is for a production 1.7% lower, reaching 98.389 million tons. The first crop is estimated at 26.293 million tons, the second at 70.936 million and the third at 1.159 million tons.